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Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar: A Comprehensive Guide to Turkish History

Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar: A Comprehensive Guide to Turkish History

Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar is a history book that was taught in Turkish high schools in 1931. It covers the Middle Ages from the perspective of Turkish civilization and culture. It is considered to be one of the most influential and authoritative sources of Turkish history, as it was written during the early years of the Republic of Turkey under the guidance of Mustafa Kemal AtatÃrk.

Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar Pdf Download

In this article, we will explore the main topics and themes of Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar, as well as its historical context and significance. We will also provide you with a link to download the PDF version of the book for free.

What is Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar?

Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar is the second volume of a four-part series of history books that were published by the Ministry of Education between 1931 and 1933. The first volume covers the ancient history of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, the second volume covers the Middle Ages, the third volume covers the modern history of Turkey and Europe, and the fourth volume covers the contemporary history of Turkey and the world.

The second volume, Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar, focuses on the period from the 11th century to the 15th century, when Turkish states and empires emerged and expanded in Asia, Europe and Africa. It covers topics such as:

  • The Seljuk Turks and their conquests in Anatolia, Iran and Syria

  • The Mongol invasion and its impact on Turkish politics and culture

  • The Ottoman Turks and their rise to power in Anatolia, Balkans and Egypt

  • The Crusades and their interactions with Turkish states

  • The cultural, religious and scientific achievements of Turkish civilization in the Middle Ages

Why is Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar important?

Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar is important for several reasons. First, it is a valuable source of historical information and analysis that reflects the views and values of Turkish scholars and intellectuals in the early 20th century. It provides insights into how they understood and interpreted their own past and identity.

Second, it is a product of a nationalistic and modernist project that aimed to create a new Turkish nation-state based on secularism, republicanism and westernization. It was part of AtatÃrk's reforms that sought to transform Turkey from a multi-ethnic and multi-religious empire into a homogeneous and secular nation. It also aimed to promote a sense of pride and patriotism among Turkish citizens by highlighting their historical achievements and contributions to world civilization.

Third, it is a controversial and contested book that has been criticized and challenged by different groups and perspectives over time. Some critics have argued that it is biased, inaccurate or incomplete in its representation of Turkish history. Some have claimed that it ignores or marginalizes the role of non-Turkish peoples or religions in Anatolia and beyond. Some have suggested that it glorifies or justifies violence or oppression committed by Turkish rulers or forces. Some have also questioned its relevance or validity in today's globalized and multicultural world.

How can I download Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar PDF?

If you are interested in reading Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar for yourself, you can download the PDF version of the book for free from this link[^1^]. You can also find other volumes of the series on this website[^1^]. However, please note that these books are written in old Turkish language, which may be difficult to understand for modern readers. You may need to use a dictionary or a translator to help you with some words or expressions.

We hope that this article has given you an overview of Tarih 2 Orta Zamanlar and its significance for Turkish history and culture. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to share them below. e0e6b7cb5c


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